Tinnitus is an auditory disorder that can be very annoying for the sufferer. Let’s find out together what are the causes and how it is possible to cure it
Tinnitus is a noise that the patient hears in the ear or head but is not caused by external agents. Tinnitus is not a disease, but it does represent symptoms that belong to an underlying medical condition. This problem affects 1 in 5 people on average tinnitus treatment.
Tinnitus: Symptoms and Causes
Tinnitus is an annoying sensation of perceiving a sound that does not come from the external environment. It is attributable to some types of noises, such as:
Sounds, Humming, Crackles, Whistles, Hisses.
There are two types of tinnitus namely the subjective and the objective one.
Subjective tinnitus is the most common and is caused by internal or middle ear problems. The brain perceives nerve signals as if they were sounds.
Objective tinnitus, extremely rare, is generated by a mechanical movement inside the skull or the cervico facial region.
Tinnitus can occur secondarily to different pathological conditions and it is difficult to establish a single cause. The medical conditions that produce these annoying sounds in patients are:
Cell damage to the ear;
Chronic illness or injury;
Age-related hearing loss;
Exposure to loud noises;
Bone changes in the ear (otosclerosis)
Stress and depression.
The living conditions of patients suffering from tinnitus can undergo psychological changes. Such changes are the source of stress, depression, sleep difficulties. Often these people feel very fatigued, irritable and unable to concentrate resulting in memory loss.
These risk factors can lead the patient to develop depression or a generalized anxiety disorder.
Tinnitus: the diagnosis
In order to find the right treatment for tinnitus symptoms, it is necessary to go to the treating doctor in order to perform diagnostic tests. The doctor may prescribe an audiological examination in order to identify the causes that have produced this disorder. Finally, you may need to undergo a radiological exam , such as a CT scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Treatment of tinnitus
Tinnitus is currently treatable in a high percentage of cases, even if having treatment does not mean being able to guarantee definitive healing, as relapses are still possible as for many non-surgical medical diseases.